A variety of ingredients used to make turnoversA variety of ingredients used to make turnovers

Turnovers are a delightful pastry that can be filled with sweet or savory ingredients for a delicious snack or dessert. To create perfect turnovers, you need to start with the right ingredients. The following article will provide you with all the information you need to make perfect turnovers from scratch.

How to make turnovers from scratch

The first step in making turnovers is to gather all the necessary ingredients. The basic ingredients for a turnover include flour, butter, water, salt, and filling. It’s important to use high-quality ingredients to ensure the best results.

Begin by making the pastry dough. Combine flour, salt, and butter in a bowl, and mix until the mixture resembles breadcrumbs. Add ice-cold water a little at a time and knead the dough until it forms a ball. Place the dough in the refrigerator for at least an hour to chill.

Once the pastry dough is chilled, roll it out on a floured surface until it is about 1/8 inch thick. Cut the dough into circles using a cutter or a glass. Spoon filling in the center of each circle and fold the dough over to create a turnover. Use a fork to crimp the edges of the turnover and brush with egg wash. Bake at 375 degrees Fahrenheit for 25-30 minutes, or until the pastry is golden brown and flaky.

There are many different types of fillings that can be used for turnovers. Some popular options include fruit fillings like apple or cherry, savory fillings like cheese and spinach, or even sweet fillings like chocolate or caramel. Experiment with different fillings to find your favorite combination.

If you want to make your turnovers even more special, try adding some decorative touches to the pastry. You can use a sharp knife to create patterns or shapes on the top of the pastry, or use a cookie cutter to cut out small shapes and place them on top of the turnover before baking.

A brief history of turnovers and their origins

Turnovers have a rich history that dates back to medieval times. They were originally made as a way to preserve meat and spices, which were often encased in pastry. Over time, turnovers evolved into a sweet treat filled with fruit, jam, and cream.

Today, turnovers come in all shapes and sizes, and the fillings can be sweet or savory. Many pastry chefs have put their unique spin on the classic turnover recipe, creating new and exciting flavors and textures.

One popular variation of the turnover is the empanada, which originated in Spain and Latin America. Empanadas are typically filled with meat, vegetables, and spices, and are often served as a savory snack or meal. In some regions, empanadas are also made with sweet fillings, such as fruit or chocolate.

The different types of turnovers and their unique flavors

There are many types of turnovers available, each with its unique flavor and filling. Some popular flavors include apple turnovers, blueberry turnovers, cherry turnovers, and peach turnovers. For those who prefer savory flavors, there are meat turnovers, vegetable turnovers, and even breakfast turnovers filled with egg and cheese.

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Additionally, turnovers can also vary in their pastry crust. Some turnovers have a flaky, buttery crust while others have a more dense, bread-like crust. The type of crust can greatly affect the overall texture and taste of the turnover. It is also common for turnovers to be dusted with powdered sugar or drizzled with a glaze for added sweetness.

Essential equipment for making perfect turnovers

To make perfect turnovers, you’ll need some essential equipment, including a rolling pin, pastry cutter, and baking sheet. A food processor can also be handy for making the pastry dough. Silicone baking mats can help prevent the turnovers from sticking to the baking sheet, while a pastry brush is useful for applying egg wash to the turnovers.

Another important tool for making turnovers is a sharp knife. You’ll need it to cut the pastry dough into the desired shape and size. A ruler can also come in handy to ensure that each turnover is the same size and shape.

Additionally, having a pastry crimper or fork can help seal the edges of the turnovers and give them a decorative finish. If you plan on making turnovers frequently, investing in a good quality set of baking tools can make the process much easier and enjoyable.

Tips for achieving the perfect flaky crust

The key to making perfect turnovers is achieving a flaky crust. To do this, it’s important to use cold butter and ice-cold water when making the pastry dough. It’s also essential to handle the dough as little as possible, so it doesn’t become tough. Finally, make sure the turnovers are baked at the correct temperature for the right amount of time to ensure a crispy exterior and a flaky interior.

Another important factor in achieving a flaky crust is to use the right type of flour. All-purpose flour is a good choice for turnovers, but if you want an even flakier crust, you can use pastry flour or a combination of all-purpose and cake flour. Additionally, adding a small amount of vinegar or lemon juice to the dough can help to tenderize it and create a flakier texture.

It’s also important to let the dough rest in the refrigerator for at least 30 minutes before rolling it out. This allows the gluten to relax and prevents the dough from shrinking during baking. When rolling out the dough, use a light touch and roll it out evenly to the desired thickness. If the dough starts to warm up and become difficult to work with, simply return it to the refrigerator for a few minutes to chill.

The science behind the ingredients in a turnover

Each ingredient in a turnover has a specific purpose. The flour provides the structure, while the butter adds flavor and a flaky texture. Water is needed to bind the dough together, while salt enhances the flavor. Finally, the filling adds the flavor and texture to the turnover that makes it unique.

But did you know that the temperature of the ingredients also plays a crucial role in the success of a turnover? The butter should be cold, so that it can be cut into the flour without melting. This creates pockets of butter in the dough, which melt during baking and create the flaky layers. The water should also be cold, as warm water can cause the butter to melt and ruin the texture of the dough.

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Additionally, the type of flour used can affect the texture of the turnover. All-purpose flour is commonly used, but pastry flour can create a more delicate and tender crust. Whole wheat flour can add a nutty flavor and a denser texture. Experimenting with different types of flour can lead to unique and delicious turnovers.

Step-by-step instructions for making sweet or savory turnovers

Making sweet or savory turnovers follows the same process as making traditional turnovers. The only difference is the filling used. For sweet turnovers, use fruit, jam, cream, or chocolate as the filling. For savory turnovers, use meat, vegetables, or cheese as the filling. The recipe for the pastry dough remains the same for both sweet and savory turnovers.

When making turnovers, it’s important to ensure that the filling is not too wet, as this can cause the pastry to become soggy. To prevent this, you can add a thickener such as cornstarch or flour to the filling mixture. Additionally, it’s important to seal the edges of the turnover properly to prevent the filling from leaking out during baking. You can do this by using a fork to press down on the edges or by crimping the edges with your fingers.

The nutritional information of popular turnover recipes

Turnovers are not known for being low in calories, as they are made with butter and flour. However, using healthier fillings such as fruit and vegetables can help make them a little healthier. Some turnovers contain high amounts of sugar, which can be unhealthy if consumed in excess.

It is important to note that the size of the turnover can also greatly affect its nutritional value. Larger turnovers will naturally contain more calories and fat than smaller ones. Additionally, the type of flour used in the pastry can also impact the nutritional content. Whole wheat flour can provide more fiber and nutrients than white flour.

When it comes to savory turnovers, the filling can greatly impact the nutritional value. Meat and cheese fillings can be high in saturated fat and sodium, while vegetable and legume fillings can provide more fiber and nutrients. It is important to consider the balance of ingredients when making or choosing a turnover to ensure a well-rounded meal or snack.

How to store and reheat turnovers for optimal freshness

To keep your turnovers fresh, store them in a covered container or plastic wrap at room temperature for up to two days. For longer storage, freeze the turnovers in an airtight container for up to three months. To reheat turnovers, bake them in the oven at 325 degrees Fahrenheit for 5-10 minutes, or until they are warm and crispy again.

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It’s important to note that turnovers with fruit fillings may become soggy if stored in the refrigerator. If you need to store them for longer than two days, it’s best to freeze them instead. When reheating frozen turnovers, let them thaw in the refrigerator overnight before baking them in the oven. This will ensure that the filling is heated through without overcooking the pastry.

Creative twists on classic turnover fillings

There are many creative twists you can add to classic turnover fillings to make them even more interesting. For example, caramelized onions can be added to savory turnovers for a richer flavor. Adding almonds or hazelnuts to fruit fillings can help add texture and crunch.

Another way to add a unique twist to classic turnover fillings is by incorporating different spices and herbs. For instance, adding a pinch of cinnamon to apple turnovers can give them a warm and cozy flavor. Alternatively, adding fresh herbs like thyme or rosemary to savory turnovers can give them a fresh and earthy taste.

If you’re feeling adventurous, you can also experiment with different types of dough for your turnovers. Instead of using traditional puff pastry, try using phyllo dough for a lighter and flakier texture. Or, if you want a heartier turnover, use a whole wheat or rye dough.

A comparison of homemade versus store-bought turnovers

While store-bought turnovers are convenient, making your own turnovers at home ensures that you know exactly what’s inside them. Homemade turnovers are also fresher and tastier than store-bought ones, which have often been sitting on the shelf for a while. Finally, making your turnovers from scratch can save you money, especially if you buy ingredients in bulk.

Turning leftovers into delicious turnovers

Have leftover chicken or vegetables from last night’s dinner? Why not turn them into delicious turnovers? Simply chop up the leftovers and use them as the filling for your turnovers. It’s a great way to use up leftovers and create a tasty snack or lunch.

How to make mini turnovers for easy entertaining

Mini turnovers are perfect for parties and gatherings. Simply make the pastry dough as usual, but cut it into smaller circles. Fill the circles with your favorite fillings and bake until golden brown. These mini turnovers are a delicious finger food that everyone will love.

A roundup of popular turnover recipes from around the world

Turnovers are a popular pastry around the world, and there are many unique recipes to try. Examples include empanadas from Latin America, samosas from India, and pasties from the UK. Exploring international turnover recipes can introduce you to new flavors and techniques.


Now that you know everything there is to know about turnovers, it’s time to get in the kitchen and start baking. Whether you prefer sweet or savory fillings, there’s a turnover recipe out there for you. With the information provided in this article, you’ll be able to make perfect turnovers every time.

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